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2 May 2022

International Human Rights Community Urges Malaysian Government to Rethink Immigration Detention Policies & Practices


Bangkok, 2 May 2022


In the early hours of 20th April, over 500 Rohingya refugees, including 97 women, 294 men, and 137 children, escaped from a detention centre in Sungai Bakap. It was later confirmed that 7 of those who fled were killed tragically in a traffic accident, including three young children. Over the following days, at least 467 people were re-detained, and there is a continuing effort by government authorities to find and arrest the remaining refugees who fled. As members of the international human rights community, we the undersigned are deeply concerned by this heartbreaking loss of life, and we urge the Malaysian government to conduct an immediate, thorough, and independent inquiry into the underlying circumstances and detention conditions which led to such severe levels of human desperation, and prompted an escape attempt by so many.


It is reported that a large number of Rohingya refugees are held indefinitely in immigration detention centres in Malaysia, without possibility of release. This has been compounded by the Malaysian government refusing UNHCR access to detention centres in order to conduct refugee status determination processes since August 2019. Home Minister Hamzah Zainudin has stated that refugees held at the Sungai Bakap detention centre have been detained for over two years and cannot be deported.


The deprivation of liberty of people and families seeking safety and asylum is a serious concern to us, and is a fundamental violation of human rights. The impact of detention on mental, physical, and emotional health has been extensively researched and consistently shows that people, especially those who have previously experienced traumatic events, face high levels of mental health challenges as a result of being detained. Further, ample evidence proves that the severity of anxiety, depression, and post-traumatic stress that a person experiences is closely linked to the length of time they have spent in immigration detention.


As of 26 April 2022, the Malaysian Immigration Director-General Datuk Seri Khairul Dzaimee Daud reported that there were 17, 634 migrants in immigration detention centres nationwide, including 1, 528 children. The Home Ministry has also further reported 208 recorded deaths in immigration detention between 2018 and February 15th 2022, citing Covid-19, septic shock, tuberculosis, severe pneumonia, organ failure, lung infection, heart complications, dengue, diabetes, and breathing difficulties, among others.


We strongly urge the Government of Malaysia to:

  • Carry out a comprehensive review of the current policies and practices of immigration detention centres in Malaysia to ensure they are in line with international legal standards

  • Ensure full transparency of the investigation and review, and make the process and results available and accessible to the public

  • Proceed with immediate implementation of the ATD pilot officially launched in February 2022, and ensure Rohingya children are included within the scope of the pilot

  • Simultaneously, take immediate steps to enact legal and policy changes to ensure that children are no longer detained for migration-related reasons, given that only 5 children are to be released at any time under the ATD Pilot

  • Follow through on the pledges made to uphold human rights, in order to secure their seat on the United Nations Human Rights Council, for example, “to implement policies and legislations that promote and protect the rights of the most vulnerable communities,” which indisputably include refugees, people seeking asylum and stateless persons, especially women and children

  • ​​Immediately release all persons registered with UNHCR from immigration detention and grant UNHCR access to all immigration detention centres to continue registration of persons of concern

  • Grant access to Doctors Without Borders Malaysia, and other NGOs to immigration detention centres to ensure detainees have access to medical treatment and support services


Malaysia continually lags behind its closest neighbours in ASEAN, specifically Thailand and Indonesia, who have released hundreds of children from immigration detention into community-based care since 2018. Further, in Indonesia, the local government in Aceh has set up a task force to manage emergency response. These processes link refugee communities to support from IOM, UNHCR, Geutanyoe Foundation, JRS Indonesia, and other organisations, until the national government advises which cities they will be transferred to for sustainable and ongoing accommodation and support.


We call upon the Government of Malaysia to respond to this human tragedy with compassionate leadership and integrity, and commit to protecting the rights of refugees and people seeking asylum in Malaysia, as committed to in the UN Convention on the Rights of the Child (CRC), the UN Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination Against Women (CEDAW), and the ASEAN Declaration on the Rights of Children in the Context of Migration. The Government of Malaysia must reconsider its current policies and systems of immigration detention, which are arbitrary, harmful, costly and ineffective. Instead, they should develop and implement non-custodial alternatives to detention, particularly for people in vulnerable situations, such as children, ethnic and religious minorities, women, gender-diverse and LGBTI+ people.


It is time for Malaysia to step up to its international commitments, and we stand prepared to support the Government and other civil society organisations in developing systems and frameworks for alternatives to detention, and ensuring that nothing like this ever happens again.



International Detention Coalition

Asia Pacific Refugee Rights Network

ASEAN Parliamentarian on Human Rights

Asian Forum for Human Rights and Development (Forum-Asia)


The Asia Pacific Refugee Rights Network (APRRN) is a network of over 200 active civil society organisations and individuals from 29 countries committed to advancing the rights of refugees in the Asia Pacific region. While APRRN statements are prepared in consultation with members, they do not necessarily reflect the views of all APRRN members. For further information or comment, please contact Chris Eades, APRRN Secretary General, at




May 9, 2023

URGENT STATEMENT: Call On Asean Leaders To Prioritise Establishment Of Regional Protection Framework As Myanmar And Rohingya Crisis Worsens

APRRN urgently calls on ASEAN leaders for the establishment of a regional protection framework to guide and support protection-centred and human rights-based responses within and between ASEAN members states, putting refugees safety as priority.


April 27, 2023

โดย เครือข่ายสิทธิผู้ลี้ภัยและคนไร้รัฐ และเครือข่ายองค์กรด้านประชากรข้ามชาต ประเทศไทย: ยุติการควบคุมตัวผู้ลี้ภัยชาวอุยกูร์อย่างไม่มีกําหนดโดยทันที และสอบสวนการเสียชีวิต ระหว่างถูกคุมขัง

นายมัตโตห์ตี มัตตูร์ซุน (มูฮัมหมัด ตูร์ซุน) อายุ 40 ปี ผู้ลี้ภัยชาวอุยกูร์ ซึ่งถูกคุมขังไว้ที่สถานกักกันคนเข้าเมืองของไทยตั้งแต่วันที่ 13 มีนาคม 2557 เสียชีวิตเมื่อวันศุกร์ที่ผ่านมา คาดว่าเขาเสียชีวิตด้วยอาการตับวาย มัตโตห์ตี มัตตูร์ซุน เป็นชายชาวอุยกูร์รายที่สองจากกลุ่มผู้ถูกคุมขังชาวอุยกูร์เกือบ 50 คน ที่เสียชีวิตในช่วงสองเดือนที ผ่านมา โดยในเดือนกุมภาพันธ์ 2566 ผู้ลี้ภัยชาวอุยกูร์ชื่อ อาซิซ อับดุลลาห์ เสียชีวิตในห้องกักคนเข้าเมืองสวนพลูซึ่ ผู้ลี้ภัยชาวอุยกูร์ ส่วนใหญ่ถูกควบคุมตัวอยู่ที่น


April 27, 2023

The Coalition for the Rights of Refugees and Stateless Persons (CRSP) and Migrant Working Group (MWG) Thailand: Immediately End Indefinite Detention of Uyghur Refugees, Investigate Death in Custody

Mr. Mattohti Mattursun (Muhammad Tursun), 40, a Uyghur refugee who had been in Thai immigration detention since March 13, 2014, passed away on Friday. He died of suspected liver failure. Mattohti Mattursun is the second Uyghur man from a group of almost 50 Uyghur detainees to die in the last two months. In February 2023, Uyghur refugee Aziz Abdullah also died in Suan Phlu immigration detention center (IDC), where most of the Uyghur refugees are being detained.